By Xiaoye Xu
This thesis reviews on notable paintings in major subfields of quantum info technology: one contains the quantum size challenge, and the opposite issues quantum simulation. The thesis proposes utilizing a polarization-based displaced Sagnac-type interferometer to accomplish partial cave in size and its reversal, and offers the 1st experimental verification of the nonlocality of the partial cave in dimension and its reversal. the entire experiments are conducted within the linear optical process, one of many earliest experimental platforms to hire quantum communique and quantum info processing. The thesis argues that quantum dimension can yield quantum entanglement restoration, that's validated by utilizing the frequency freedom to simulate the surroundings. in keeping with the susceptible size idea, the writer proposes that white gentle can be utilized to exactly estimate section, and successfully demonstrates that the imaginary a part of the vulnerable worth could be brought via vulnerable dimension evolution. finally, a nine-order polarization-based displaced Sagnac-type interferometer making use of bulk optics is developed to accomplish quantum simulation of the Landau-Zener evolution, and by way of tuning the approach Hamiltonian, the 1st scan to analyze the Kibble-Zurek mechanism in non-equilibrium kinetics techniques is performed within the linear optical system.
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